The Third Molars: Discovering The Secrets Of Wisdom

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Normally adults have 32 permanent teeth. But there may be extra sets of teeth that are last to appear, which are called wisdom teeth. However, not everyone has wisdom teeth, and not all of them require removal. But when your wisdom teeth create a nuisance, then it is best to get rid of them. 

Dr. Jeremy K. Ueno center dental specialist is an expert at performing wisdom teeth removal to provide relief from the discomfort caused by them. 

An insight into wisdom teeth

Wisdom teeth, also known as the third molars, are the last set of adult teeth to grow. These are located at the extreme end of your mouth. They generally erupt in your late teens or early twenties. 

Usually considered an asset if aligned properly, they can cause discomfort when they do not erupt completely and are partially or fully trapped in your gums or jawbone (impacted). That’s why many dentists recommend getting them removed or extracted. 

Indications for wisdom teeth removal

Wisdom teeth do not always require removal. But, at times when they are impacted, can lead to the following complications:

  • Radiating pain around the wisdom tooth
  • Cavities
  • Infection
  • Gum and periodontal disease
  • Damage to the adjacent teeth
  • Cysts 
  • Abscess
  • Tumors

You must visit your dentist at the earliest to prevent further complications. 

Procedure for wisdom teeth removal

Wisdom teeth extraction is an outpatient procedure and is performed under local anesthesia. Your dentist will evaluate your tooth if it is fully or partially erupted. 

Fully erupted wisdom tooth

  • Once the anesthesia sets in, your dentist will loosen the tooth using dental forceps and extract the tooth
  • The tooth socket is filled with gauze before you are sent home. 

Partially erupted wisdom tooth

  • Your dentist will cut the gums using a scalpel and expose the impacted tooth. 
  • If the tooth is within the jawbone, then a small amount of bone will be drilled. 
  • Once the tooth is exposed it is carefully extracted using dental forceps.
  • Such extractions will require suturing to promote quick healing. 

Wisdom tooth extraction may take around 30 minutes to an hour. 

Recovery after wisdom teeth removal

You may usually take around a week to recover post-extraction of a wisdom tooth. You are likely to experience mild pain, discomfort, swelling, and increased sensitivity.

Care should be taken not to drink from a straw, spit, or smoke for the first 48 hours. By 72 hours most of the swelling settles down. However, ensure to eat soft foods to avoid any complications. 

Summary

Wisdom teeth are often considered to be unwanted features without any major use or function. They may not cause any trouble unless they are impacted. Consult your dental professional if you notice any signs of wisdom tooth impaction. 

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